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The influence of 3x3 bonded retainer on anterior crowding relapse in mandibular incisor extraction cases

Marcelo BERBERT, Paula COTRIN, Renata Cristina Gobbi de OLIVEIRA, Ricardo Gobbi de OLIVEIRA, Fabricio Pinelli VALARELLI, Marcos Roberto de FREITAS, Karina Maria Salvatore FREITAS

Objective: To evaluate the 3x3 bonded retainer influence on the mandibular anterior crowding in cases treated with mandibular incisor extraction Methods: The sample comprised pretreatment, posttreatment and follow-up orthodontic records of 16 subjects (10 females and 6 males) with Class I malocclusion treated with extraction of a single mandibular incisor. The mean ages (± SD) at pretreatment, posttreatment and follow-up evaluation were 23.45 ± 9.14 years, 25.50 ± 8.95 years and 30.11 ± 8.59 years, respectively. The mean (± SD) treatment time and posttreatment evaluation time were 2.05 ± 0.45 years and 4.60 ± 1.85 years , respectively. Little irregularity index and interdental widths were evaluated using dental casts. The sample was divided into two subgroups, according to the presence of the 3x3 bonded retainer at follow-up. Results: The subgroup without 3x3 bonded retainer presented a greater relapse at the follow-up, when compared to 3x3 bonded retainer subgroup. Conclusion: There was a significant relapse in cases treated with mandibular incisor extraction at follow-up. The subgroup without 3x3 bonded retainer showed a significant relapse at the follow-up when compared to the retainer group.

Keywords: Relapse. Stability. Tooth extraction.

How to cite: Berbert M, Cotrin P, Oliveira RCG, Oliveira RG, Valarelli FP, Freitas MR, Freitas KMS. The influence of 3x3 bonded retainer on anterior crowding relapse in mandibular incisor extraction cases. Dental Press J Orthod. 2021;26(6):e212081.

Friday, January 28, 2022 21:51